According to the position of in an cannot just be simply described by particles rotating around the . Their location is indeed given by a function called , which calculates where it is more probable to find electrons of a specific energetic level. Different orbitals are identified by letters (s,p, d and f) and generally visually represented in a simplistic way by “clouds” of a specific shape: the simplest - s - is a sphere, p is a sort of dumbbell, and d and f orbitals have more complicated shapes.

Here I represented the Li, C and Si atoms with their orbitals, where s orbitals are in blue and p orbitals in orange/yellow.

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