Pinned toot

๐—ฆ๐—ฐ๐—ถ๐—ฒ๐—ป๐—ฐ๐—ฒ ๐—ฆ๐˜‚๐—บ๐—บ๐—ฎ๐—ฟ๐˜† ๐—ณ๐—ผ๐—ฟ ๐—น๐—ฎ๐˜€๐˜ ๐—บ๐—ผ๐—ป๐˜๐—ต

6 M years old footprints, imminent oil spill impacts, extreme heat in cities, the problem of nuclear energy, origin of horses, a pig kidney transplant, shrinking brain sizes, policy & more

๐Ÿ”ญ Sources:
mailchi.mp/359cae84aa22/scienc

๐Ÿ”ฌ Selection from:
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2021_in_

#2021

๐—ฆ๐—ฐ๐—ถ๐—ฒ๐—ป๐—ฐ๐—ฒ ๐—ฆ๐˜‚๐—บ๐—บ๐—ฎ๐—ฟ๐˜† ๐—ณ๐—ผ๐—ฟ ๐—น๐—ฎ๐˜€๐˜ ๐—บ๐—ผ๐—ป๐˜๐—ต

6 M years old footprints, imminent oil spill impacts, extreme heat in cities, the problem of nuclear energy, origin of horses, a pig kidney transplant, shrinking brain sizes, policy & more

๐Ÿ”ญ Sources:
mailchi.mp/359cae84aa22/scienc

๐Ÿ”ฌ Selection from:
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2021_in_

#2021

๐—ฆ๐—ฐ๐—ถ๐—ฒ๐—ป๐—ฐ๐—ฒ ๐—ฆ๐˜‚๐—บ๐—บ๐—ฎ๐—ฟ๐˜† ๐—ณ๐—ผ๐—ฟ ๐—น๐—ฎ๐˜€๐˜ ๐—บ๐—ผ๐—ป๐˜๐—ต

a cosmic airburst destroyed a city, climate change linked to cold waves, ocean protection, life extension, wildfires linked to plankton, pandemic prevention & more

๐Ÿ”ญ Sources:
mailchi.mp/359cae84aa22/scienc

๐Ÿ”ฌ Selection:
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2021_in_

#2021

๐—ฆ๐—ฐ๐—ถ๐—ฒ๐—ป๐—ฐ๐—ฒ ๐—ฆ๐˜‚๐—บ๐—บ๐—ฎ๐—ฟ๐˜† ๐—ณ๐—ผ๐—ฟ ๐—น๐—ฎ๐˜€๐˜ ๐—บ๐—ผ๐—ป๐˜๐—ต

a cosmic airburst destroyed a city, climate change linked to cold waves, ocean protection, life extension, wildfires linked to plankton, pandemic prevention & more

๐Ÿ”ญ Sources:
mailchi.mp/359cae84aa22/scienc

๐Ÿ”ฌ Selection:
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2021_in_

#2021

๐—ฆ๐—ฐ๐—ถ๐—ฒ๐—ป๐—ฐ๐—ฒ ๐—ฆ๐˜‚๐—บ๐—บ๐—ฎ๐—ฟ๐˜† ๐—ณ๐—ผ๐—ฟ ๐—น๐—ฎ๐˜€๐˜ ๐—บ๐—ผ๐—ป๐˜๐—ต

๐Ÿ”ญ Sources:
mailchi.mp/359cae84aa22/scienc

๐Ÿ”ฌ Selection:
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2021_in_

#2021

๐—ฆ๐—ฐ๐—ถ๐—ฒ๐—ป๐—ฐ๐—ฒ ๐—ฆ๐˜‚๐—บ๐—บ๐—ฎ๐—ฟ๐˜† ๐—ณ๐—ผ๐—ฟ ๐—น๐—ฎ๐˜€๐˜ ๐—บ๐—ผ๐—ป๐˜๐—ต

๐Ÿ”ญ Sources:
mailchi.mp/359cae84aa22/scienc

๐Ÿ”ฌ Selection:
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2021_in_

#2021

๐—ฆ๐—ฐ๐—ถ๐—ฒ๐—ป๐—ฐ๐—ฒ ๐—ฆ๐˜‚๐—บ๐—บ๐—ฎ๐—ฟ๐˜† ๐—ณ๐—ผ๐—ฟ ๐—น๐—ฎ๐˜€๐˜ ๐—บ๐—ผ๐—ป๐˜๐—ต

๐Ÿ”ญ Podcast version:
soundcloud.com/sciencesummary/

๐Ÿ”ฌ Sources:
In the podcast description

โš›๏ธ Selection:
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2021_in_

#2021

๐—ฆ๐—ฐ๐—ถ๐—ฒ๐—ป๐—ฐ๐—ฒ ๐—ฆ๐˜‚๐—บ๐—บ๐—ฎ๐—ฟ๐˜† ๐—ณ๐—ผ๐—ฟ ๐—น๐—ฎ๐˜€๐˜ ๐—บ๐—ผ๐—ป๐˜๐—ต

๐Ÿ”ญ Podcast version:
soundcloud.com/sciencesummary/

๐Ÿ”ฌ Sources:
In the podcast description

โš›๏ธ Selection:
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2021_in_

#2021

Science Summary for last month

This update on recent major scientific papers and developments around the globe features news about signs of life on Enceladus, animals frozen for 24,000 years brought back to life, an alternative to plastics, DNA, the Chinese space station, a quantum computer, a possible new species of ancient humans & more

๐Ÿ”ญ Podcast & sources:
soundcloud.com/sciencesummary/

๐Ÿ”ฌ Selection:
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2021_in_


๐—ฆ๐—ฐ๐—ถ๐—ฒ๐—ป๐—ฐ๐—ฒ ๐—ฆ๐˜‚๐—บ๐—บ๐—ฎ๐—ฟ๐˜† ๐—ณ๐—ผ๐—ฟ ๐—น๐—ฎ๐˜€๐˜ ๐—บ๐—ผ๐—ป๐˜๐—ต

๐Ÿ”ญ Video version:
youtu.be/oQLJqMquGEw

๐Ÿ”ฌ Sources:
In the video description

โš›๏ธ Selection:
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2021_in_



-Hub

๐—ฆ๐—ฐ๐—ถ๐—ฒ๐—ป๐—ฐ๐—ฒ ๐—ฆ๐˜‚๐—บ๐—บ๐—ฎ๐—ฟ๐˜† ๐—ณ๐—ผ๐—ฟ ๐—น๐—ฎ๐˜€๐˜ ๐—บ๐—ผ๐—ป๐˜๐—ต

๐Ÿ”ญ Video version:
youtu.be/ab7Yu1ndw5I

๐Ÿ”ฌ Sources:
In the video description

โš›๏ธ Selection:
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2021_in_


๐—ฆ๐—ฐ๐—ถ๐—ฒ๐—ป๐—ฐ๐—ฒ ๐—ฆ๐˜‚๐—บ๐—บ๐—ฎ๐—ฟ๐˜† ๐—ณ๐—ผ๐—ฟ ๐—น๐—ฎ๐˜€๐˜ ๐—บ๐—ผ๐—ป๐˜๐—ต

๐Ÿ”ญ Video version:
youtu.be/cla4YtVNraw

๐Ÿ”ฌ Sources:
In the video description

โš›๏ธ Selection:
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2021_in_

#2021

๐Ÿ”” Science Summary for last month



----------------- Selection -----------------

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2020_in_

The Wikipedia article also has wikilinks to the relevant Wikipedia articles and timelines.

Some more relevant information (e.g. rough criteria) can be found on the list's talk page. If you can't read a paper you could use Sci-Hub.se

------------------ Sources ------------------

pastebin.com/nqzfFVjy

Also includes a few missing items.

--------- Monthly newsletter ---------

mailchi.mp/359cae84aa22/scienc

Science Summary for last month



----------------- Selection -----------------

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2020_in_

The relevant Wikipedia articles are also linked there.
Some more info can be found on the talk page.

------------------ Sources ------------------

pastebin.com/faDFPqMV

--------- Monthly newsletter ---------

mailchi.mp/359cae84aa22/scienc

Science Summary for last month

Sources below.

Monthly newsletter: mailchi.mp/359cae84aa22/scienc

Monthly newsletter: mailchi.mp/359cae84aa22/scienc

----------------- Selection -----------------

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2020_in_

Items which I added to the Wikipedia list are marked with a star.
Some more relevant information can be found on the list's talk page.

------------------ Sources ------------------

Mitochondria
newscientist.com/article/22481
sci-hub.tw/https://www.nature.

*Robot chemist
phys.org/news/2020-07-robot-sc
sci-hub.tw/https://www.nature.

*GPLD1
medicalxpress.com/news/2020-07
sci-hub.tw/https://science.sci

*Aging routes
phys.org/news/2020-07-paths-ag
sci-hub.tw/https://science.sci

Mars
UAE
bbc.co.uk/news/science-environ
China
bbc.co.uk/news/science-environ
USA
nasa.gov/press-release/nasa-ul

*Sloan Digital Sky Survey
news.sky.com/story/largest-eve
sdss.org/press-releases/no-nee

Bacteria
nytimes.com/2020/07/28/science
nature.com/articles/s41467-020

SARS-CoV-2
+*G614
medicalxpress.com/news/2020-07
cell.com/cell/fulltext/S0092-8
Neanderthals
nytimes.com/2020/07/04/health/
biorxiv.org/content/biorxiv/ea
IFR & CFR
nytimes.com/2020/07/04/health/
Airborne disease
nytimes.com/2020/07/04/health/

_________

*Quantum fluctuations
phys.org/news/2020-07-quantum-
nature.com/articles/s41586-020

Solar cells
phys.org/news/2020-07-crystal-
sci-hub.tw/https://science.sci

*Palm oil certification
phys.org/news/2020-07-certifie
sciencedirect.com/science/arti

*Earth's magnetic field
phys.org/news/2020-07-simulati
nature.com/articles/s41467-020

*1.5 ยฐC
edition.cnn.com/2020/07/09/wor
public.wmo.int/en/media/press-

*+Spider silk proteins
phys.org/news/2020-07-spider-s
nature.com/articles/s42003-020

*X Chromosome
phys.org/news/2020-07-scientis
sci-hub.tw/https://www.nature.

*Manganese-eating bacteria
phys.org/news/2020-07-bacteria
sci-hub.tw/https://www.nature.

*Methane-emissions
phys.org/news/2020-07-global-m
iopscience.iop.org/article/10.
essd.copernicus.org/articles/1

*Iron metabolism
phys.org/news/2020-07-blood-ir
nature.com/articles/s41467-020

+Exoplanets
scientificamerican.com/article
iopscience.iop.org/article/10.

Americas
bbc.co.uk/news/science-environ
sci-hub.tw/https://www.nature.

*Methane
theguardian.com/environment/20
royalsocietypublishing.org/doi

*Reef sharks
phys.org/news/2020-07-sharks-r
sci-hub.tw/https://www.nature.

*Paper-retraction
phys.org/news/2020-07-paper-hu
nature.com/articles/s41586-020

*Protein design
phys.org/news/2020-07-machine-
sci-hub.tw/https://science.sci

ITER
theguardian.com/environment/20

*Magnetic pyrite
phys.org/news/2020-07-gold-val
advances.sciencemag.org/conten

*Younger Dryas
phys.org/news/2020-07-texas-ca
advances.sciencemag.org/conten

------------ Not included ------------

- Scientist at CERN report that the LHCb experiment has observed a four-charm tetraquark particle never seen before, which is likely to be the first of a previously undiscovered class of particles

- Theory for the development of pentadiamonds - harder diamonds with a Young's modulus of almost 1700 GPa

- Carbon was formed mainly in white dwarf stars, particularly those bigger than two solar masses

- A more efficient video coding standard (H.266) is finalised; requires less data volume and is especially useful for 8K streaming

- A cobalt-free, high-energy, lithium-ion battery is developed

- Evidence that a few mildly affected or recovering COVID-19 patients can be left with serious or potentially fatal brain conditions, such as delirium, inflammation, nerve damage, and psychosis

* Scientists assess that the geoengineering technique of enhanced rock weathering โ€“ spreading finely crushed basalt on fields โ€“ has potential use for carbon dioxide removal by nations, identifying costs, opportunities and engineering challenges

- Discovery of the South Pole Wall, a massive cosmic structure formed by a giant wall of galaxies (a galaxy filament) that extends across at least 700 million light-years of space

* Phytoplankton primary production in the Arctic Ocean increased by 57% between 1998 and 2018 due to higher concentrations, suggesting the ocean may be able to support higher trophic level production and additional carbon fixation in the future

* Scientists report that the Moon formed about 85 million years earlier than thought (4.425 ยฑ0.025 bya) and that it hosted an ocean of magma for longer than previously thought (~200 million years)

* A reusable aluminium surface for efficient solar-based water sanitation to below the WHO and EPA standards for drinkable water is developed

* A technique to produce a degradable version of the tough thermoset plastic pDCPD which may also be applicable to other plastics, that aren't part of the ca. 75% of plastics that are recycable is developed

- Observation of a "hard tidal disruption event candidate" near the nucleus of galaxy NGC 6297 with rare "hard powerlaw X-ray spectra"

- A researcher describes the nature and rise of the "robot prosumer", derived from modern-day technology and related participatory culture, that, in turn, was substantially predicted earlier by science fiction writers

- A new AI algorithm achieves the highest accuracy to date in identifying prostate cancer, with 98% sensitivity and 97% specificity

* Scientists of the NA62 experiment at CERN claim to have presented first evidence of a highly rare process โ€“ a decay of a charged kaon โ€“ predicted in the Standard Model which may help identifying possible deviations from the model

* Work honored by Nobel prizes clusters in only a few scientific fields with only 36/71 having received at least one Nobel prize of the 114/849 domains they suggest science could be divided into. Five of the 114 domains were shown to make up over half of the Nobel prizes awarded 1995โ€“2017 (particle physics [14%], cell biology [12.1%], atomic physics [10.9%], neuroscience [10.1%], molecular chemistry [5.3%])

* Geochemical data shows that the origin of 50 of the 52 sarsen megaliths used to construct Stonehenge is most likely West Woods, Wiltshire, 25 km north of Stonehenge

* Gut microbiomes that produce high levels of gallic acid or gallic acid, which can be found in many antioxidant-rich foods considered healthy and earlier reported to induce cell death in prostate and breast cancer cells, itself can switch mutated p53 proteins from being tumour-suppressive to accelerate the growth of bowel cancers in mice

* Two ice caps in Nunavut, Canada have disappeared completely, confirming predictions of a 2016/2017 study that they would melt completely within the next five years

Science Summary for last month

Sources below.

Monthly newsletter: mailchi.mp/359cae84aa22/scienc

#2020 -review

Monthly newsletter: mailchi.mp/359cae84aa22/scienc

----------------- Selection -----------------

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2020_in_

Items which I added to the Wikipedia list are marked with a star.
Some more relevant information can be found on the list's talk page.

If you can't access a paper you could put sci-hub.se/ before the URL of the paper.

------------------ Sources ------------------

Extended childhood*
phys.org/news/2020-06-childhoo
royalsocietypublishing.org/doi

Mass extinctions*
nytimes.com/2020/06/01/science
pnas.org/content/117/24/13596

Reaction network*
phys.org/news/2020-06-reveals-
sci-hub.se/https://www.pnas.or

Foxes*
phys.org/news/2020-06-city-fox
royalsocietypublishing.org/doi

COVID-19
Hydroxychloroquine*
theguardian.com/world/2020/jun
nejm.org/doi/10.1056/NEJMoa201
NRP1*
reuters.com/article/us-health-
biorxiv.org/content/biorxiv/ea
biorxiv.org/content/biorxiv/ea
Dexamethasone
theguardian.com/world/2020/jun
ox.ac.uk/news/2020-06-16-dexam
Toilet flushing*
phys.org/news/2020-06-flushing
aip.scitation.org/doi/10.1063/
Genes*
news-medical.net/news/20200618
biorxiv.org/content/10.1101/20
Asymptomatic cases*
reuters.com/article/us-health-
nature.com/articles/s41586-020

Torpor*
newatlas.com/medical/suspended
nature.com/articles/s41586-020
nature.com/articles/s41586-020

Technosignatures*
phys.org/news/2020-06-intellig

Black holes*
phys.org/news/2020-06-year-old
nature.com/articles/s41567-020

_________

Yellowstone
phys.org/news/2020-06-discover
pubs.geoscienceworld.org/gsa/g

Maya pyramid platform
nationalgeographic.com/history
nature.com/articles/s41586-020

Epigenetics*
phys.org/news/2020-06-mothers-
sciencedirect.com/science/arti

Radioactivity*
phys.org/news/2020-06-radioact
nature.com/articles/s41467-020

Egg cells*
newscientist.com/article/22456
royalsocietypublishing.org/doi

Mentors*
phys.org/news/2020-06-tacit-kn
pnas.org/content/117/25/14077

Bose-Einstein condensates*+
phys.org/news/2020-06-quantum-
nature.com/articles/s41586-020

Crocodile ancestors*
phys.org/news/2020-06-ancient-
nature.com/articles/s41598-020

CRISPR gene editing*
newscientist.com/article/22460
crisprtx.gcs-web.com/news-rele

Bow & arrow*
phys.org/news/2020-06-discover
advances.sciencemag.org/conten

Coal combustion*
phys.org/news/2020-06-coal-bur
pubs.geoscienceworld.org/gsa/g

Core-mantle boundary*+
phys.org/news/2020-06-scientis
science.sciencemag.org/content

Clouds*
phys.org/news/2020-06-latest-c
advances.sciencemag.org/conten

Civilizations
eurekalert.org/pub_releases/20
iopscience.iop.org/article/10.

Color vision*
nytimes.com/2020/06/19/science
pnas.org/content/early/2020/06

Synthetic molecular motor*
phys.org/news/2020-06-smallest
pnas.org/content/early/2020/06

Ocean acidification*
phys.org/news/2020-06-arctic-o
nature.com/articles/s41586-020

Quantum communication*
phys.org/news/2020-06-techniqu
journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/
journals.aps.org/prx/abstract/

Warning on GDP-affluence*
phys.org/news/2020-06-affluenc
nature.com/articles/s41467-020

Quasar*
phys.org/news/2020-06-astronom
arxiv.org/abs/2006.13452

------------------ Not included ------------------

- Astronomers report narrowing down the source of Fast Radio Bursts (FRBs), which may now plausibly include "compact-object mergers and magnetars arising from normal core collapse supernovae"
- The existence of quark cores in neutron stars is confirmed by Finnish researchers
- *Mitochondrial genetic divergence could be used to predict the reproductive compatibility of mammalian hybrid offspring and ancient anatomically modern humans (AMH), Neanderthals and Denisovans were genetically closer than polar bears and brown bears (1.6% divergence for Neanderthals and AMH and 2.4% for the bears)
- Kepler-160, a Sun-like star, likely has a rocky planet with orbit and light levels very similar to Earth
- *Astronomers report that results from research of Hubble Space Telescope data and other supporting data, to be published in an upcoming paper, show that galaxies must have formed much earlier than previously thought โ€“ earlier than can be probed with the Hubble Space Telescope.
- *Bacterial mass lysis for colony-defense occurs when the bacteria will die anyway from toxin exposure from competing bacteria
- NASA astronaut Kathy Sullivan, the first woman to walk in space in 1984, is the first woman to reach the deepest part of the ocean
- Computer experts warn Windows 10 users to update their computers with the latest security patches from Microsoft in order to avoid being infected with the wormlike SMBGhost security vulnerability, for which a proof-of-concept (PoC) exploit had been released on 2 June
- *Pesticides contribute to monarch butterfly declines in the western United States
- *A scientific analysis estimates that as of 2020 about 1.7 bn people (UI 1ยท0โ€“2ยท4) people, or 22% (UI 15โ€“28%) of the world population, belong to a vulnerable group which has at least one underlying condition that raises the risk of severe disease when contracting COVID-19 and that 4% would require hospital admission if infected
- Astronomers map the atmosphere of the red supergiant star Antares for the most detailed such map yet of a star other than the Sun
- An excess of 53 events is reported at the XENON dark matter research facility, which may hint at the existence of hypothetical solar axions
- NASA scientists report that exoplanets with oceans may be common in the Milky Way galaxy, based on mathematical modeling studies
- *First open-source all-atom model and simulation of a full-length spike protein of SARS-CoV-2
- *Researchers report to have calculated a possibly testable upper limit for a fundamental period of a possibly quantized time based on a physical model of time as an oscillating variable
- *A novel cancer immunotherapy that included a personalized vaccine was shown to be successful in dogs
- Dwarf planet Pluto may have had a subsurface ocean
- *Scientists demonstrate that it is possible for fish to migrate via ingestion of fish eggs by birds
- Astronomers report details of the merging, in the "mass gap" of cosmic collisions, of a first-ever "mystery object": either a possibly too-heavy neutron star or a too-light black hole
- *World Meteorological Organization announces a possible new temperature-record of 38 ยฐC north of the Arctic Circle, which it seeks to verify and assess
- Largest ever tanzanite gemstones discovered
- *World Meteorological Organization announces new records for the longest lightning bolt (700 km) and the "megaflash" with the longest duration (16.73 s)
- Astronomers report detecting a gravitational wave, named GW190521g, that is associated with, for the first time ever, a flash of light from the merger, within the vicinity of a third very large black hole, of two smaller black holes
- *Scientists report, with a genetic study, the identification of the origin of domesticated chicken
- *In two papers scientists report the development of the possibly most lightweight biopolymer aerogel that is flexible and durable and has a relatively high electromagnetic shielding-performance
- *Scientists report a possible explanation for the origin of high-energy cosmic neutrinos observed by the IceCube Neutrino Observatory, suggesting that emissions of coronae of supermassive black holes, such as possibly the active galactic nucleus of Messier 77, may be their source

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