What is the hypothesis? In its generic sense, given in its
canonic Manifesto, ‘communist’ means, first, that the logic of —the
fundamental of to a dominant class, the arrangement
that has persisted since Antiquity—is not inevitable; it can be
overcome. The communist hypothesis is that a different
organization is practicable, one that will eliminate the of
and even the division of labour. The appropriation of
massive fortunes and their transmission by inheritance will disappear.
The existence of a , separate from , will no
longer appear a necessity: a long process of reorganization based on a
of will see it withering away.

’ as such denotes only this very general set of intellectual
representations. It is what Kant called an Idea, with a regulatory
function, rather than a programme. It is foolish to call such communist
principles ; in the sense that I have defined them here they are
intellectual patterns, always actualized in a different fashion. As a
pure Idea of , the communist hypothesis has no doubt existed
since the beginnings of the state. As soon as mass action opposes
in the name of , rudiments or fragments of
the hypothesis start to appear. Popular —the led by
, the led by —might be identified as practical
examples of this ‘communist invariant’. With the French Revolution, the
communist hypothesis then inaugurates the epoch of political modernity.

Alain -Bibliography/The Communist Hypothesis/Lacan Dot Com

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