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DEFINITIONS/work in progress 

RE·FO·CUS /rēˈfōkəs/ = verb generally meaning "adjust the focus of a lens or one's eyes"; more specific meaning "focus attention or resources on something new or different"

DEFINITIONS/work in progress 

REC·ON·CILE /ˈrekənˌsīl/ = verb generally meaning "restore friendly relations between"; more specific meanings = (a) "cause to coexist in harmony; make or show to be compatible"; (b) "make one account consistent with another, especially by allowing for transactions begun but not yet completed"; (c) "settle a disagreement"; and (d) "make someone accept a disagreeable or unwelcome thing"

RE·PAIR /rəˈper/ = verb generally meaning "fix or mend a thing suffering from damage or a fault"; more specific meanings = (a) make good such damage by fixing or repairing it"; (b) "put right a damaged relationship or unwelcome situation" ... also, a noun generally meaning "the action of fixing or mending something; more specific meanings = (a) "a result of fixing or mending"; (b) "the relative physical condition of an object"

REPAIR definition 

STEM in a real world setting needs a non-technical vocabulary, for example

RE·PAIR /rəˈper/ = verb generally meaning "fix or mend a thing suffering from damage or a fault"; more specific meanings = (a) make good such damage by fixing or repairing it"; (b) put right a damaged relationship or unwelcome situation" ... also, a noun generally meaning "the action of fixing or mending something; more specific meanings = (a) "a result of fixing or mending"; (b) "the relative physical condition of an object"

UPGRADE

There are days, months, endless years when almost nothing happens. There are minutes and seconds that contain a whole world. -- Jean d'Ormesson

[Il y a des jours, des mois, des années interminables où il ne se passe presque rien. Il y a des minutes et des secondes qui contiennent tout un monde.]

SCIENCE VS HOSTAGE TO FORTUNE -- see Wiktionary "give hostage to fortune" en.wiktionary.org/wiki/give_ho; and consider whether the Nobel Prizes are good for science in "The million dollar question" (Philip Ball). Chemistry World. 1 October 2018. chemistryworld.com/features/ar

According to Francis Bacon, the Father of the Scientific Method: "He that hath wife and children hath given hostages to fortune; for they are impediments to great enterprises, either of virtue or mischief." -- see BrainyQuote brainyquote.com/quotes/francis ; and see Wikipeida "Francis Bacon" en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Francis_

Compare: "A man who never loves gives no hostage to fortune, to paraphrase a great scientist." -- Takeshi Kovacs in "Altered Carbon," S1:E6 imdb.com/title/tt6731634/chara

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STEM = fact-based, truth-based description and analysis?

'The truth is like a lion; you don't have to defend it. Let it loose; it will defend itself.' -- Augustine of Hippo

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January 4: Today is World Day for the Blind (Braille)

PERIHELION

Tonight something happens in the sky, but there's nothing to see.

Q: Did you know that perihelion, the point during the year when the Earth is closest to the Sun, occurs around this date every year? -- see en.wikipedia.org/wiki/January_

In 2020, perihelion takes place tonight --at precisely 2:48 a.m. EST on January 5.-- see travelandleisure.com/trip-idea

FYI: Graphic below shows 2019-2020

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At the moment, my view is something along the lines of:

- Do what you can as an individual, to the best of your ability
- Don't be overburdened by guilt if you can't do it all
- Be very conscious that not everyone is in a position to do what you think is 'doing the right thing' (including yourself)
- The system is pretty rigged against doing the right thing, so ultimately the system is the one that needs to change
- Individual behaviour change is probably a part of bringing about system change

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RT @fermatslibrary

Here's why the circle has 360 degrees: around 2400 B.C., the ancient Sumerians noticed the Sun's annual path across the sky was ~ 360 days. In order to track the Sun's motion, they decided to divide the circle in 360 degrees. t.co/IIy8uoCC16

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A man threw a pot of boiling water into the air above his head in -25 degrees resulting in a stunning snow cloud.😍 😍

STEM ≥ technology frontier 

DEEP SEA MINING = tech frontier

International agreements about ocean mining in international waters have never been formally established. The issues have become urgent because
(a) the development of undersea mining technologies has advanced radpidly; and
(b) increasing worldwide demand for raw materials has flattened corporate risk/reward ratios.

SEABED AUTHORITY. The United Nations has delegated the task of developing a regulatory structure to the International Seabed Authority (ISA) "in order to ensure environmentally sustainable development of seabed mineral resources." -- see ISA, "Scientific Activities Promotion."
isa.org.jm/scientific-activiti

MITIGATE DAMAGES. The purpose of the ISA is to mitigate the expected damages caused by mining on the deep seafloor in specific ways
(a) selecting locations where extraction will be permitted; and
(b) issuing licenses to mining companies; and
(c) drafting the technical and environmental standards of an underwater Mining Code. -- see "History’s Largest Mining Operation Is About to Begin" (Wil S. Hylton). The Atlantic. Jan/Feb 2020. theatlantic.com/magazine/archi

LIKELY MINING TARGETS. "The most likely targets for deep-sea mining are polymetallic sulphides, manganese nodules and cobalt-rich ferromanganese crusts. On a longer time scale, rare earth elements (REEs) in deep-sea muds may also become important, and there has long been interest in the extraction of gas hydrates as a source of hydrocarbons. -- see MIDAS (Managing Impacts of Deep-seA reSource exploitation), eu-midas.net/science

ISA = INDEPENDENT. The ISA has 168 member states. It is autonomous. Its headquarters are in Kingston, in Jamaica. -- see ISA, "Authority" isa.org.jm/authority; and see "Member states" isa.org.jm/member-states

UNINTENDED CONSEQUENCES? What about this? FYI -- see below, Global map of thermohaline circulation; and likely MIDAS-identified deep sea mining sites

Frontière technologique 

EXPLOITATION IN HAUTE MER = frontière technologique

Les accords internationaux sur l'exploitation des océans dans les eaux internationales n'ont jamais été formellement établis. Les problèmes sont devenus urgents car
a) le développement des technologies minières sous-marines a progressé rapidement; et
(b) l'augmentation de la demande mondiale de matières premières a aplati les ratios risque / rendement des entreprises

AUTORITÉ MARINE. L'ONU a délégué la tâche d'élaborer une structure réglementaire à l'Autorité internationale des fonds marins (ISA) "afin d'assurer le développement écologiquement durable des ressources minérales des fonds marins". -- see ISA, "Scientific Activities Promotion." isa.org.jm/scientific-activiti

ATTÉNUER LES DOMMAGES. Le but de l'ISA est d'atténuer les dommages attendus causés par l'exploitation minière sur les fonds marins de manière spécifique
a) sélectionner les emplacements où l'extraction sera autorisée; et
b) délivrer des licences aux sociétés minières; et
(c) l'élaboration des normes techniques et environnementales d'un code minier sous-marin. -- "History’s Largest Mining Operation Is About to Begin" (Wil S. Hylton). The Atlantic. Jan/Feb 2020. theatlantic.com/magazine/archi

CIBLES MINIERS PROBABLES. "Les cibles les plus probables pour l'exploitation en haute mer sont les sulfures polymétalliques, les nodules de manganèse et les croûtes de ferromanganèse riches en cobalt. À plus long terme, les éléments des terres rares (ETR) dans les boues des grands fonds peuvent également devenir importants, et il y a longtemps intérêt pour l'extraction d'hydrates de gaz comme source d'hydrocarbures. -- MIDAS (Managing Impacts of Deep-seA reSource exploitation), eu-midas.net/science

ISA = INDÉPENDANT. L'ISA compte 168 États membres. Il est autonome. Son siège est à Kingston, en Jamaïque. -- ISA, "Authority" isa.org.jm/authority; et "Member states" isa.org.jm/member-states

CONSÉQUENCES INATTENDUES?
Que faut-il en penser? -- ci-dessous, une carte mondiale de la circulation thermohaline; et une carte mondiale des sites miniers en eau profonde identifiés par MIDAS

STEM ≥ Thunberg = plant name 

TAXONOMY = the branch of science concerned with classification, especially of organisms; systematics

Carl Peter Thunberg (1743-1828) was a Swedish naturalist. He is sometimes called the "Japanese Linnaeus". -- see Wikipedia "Carl Peter Thunberg" en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carl_Pet

His name --Thunberg -- is cited in the scientific names of 200+ species of both plants and animals in Japan, including Houttuynia cordata. -- see Wikipedia "Houttuynia cordata" en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Houttuyn

He published "Flora Japonica" in 1784. -- see digitized copy of text bibdigital.rjb.csic.es/viewer/

STEM ≥ Thunberg = vehicle name 

ANTHROPOMORPHISM = the attribution of human characteristics or behavior to an object

A truck named "Thunberg" interests me because of its name. -- see "WAY TO SNOW ‘Gritter Thunberg’ hits streets as Scottish school kids honour Swedish Eco Warrior Greta Thunberg" (Kirsty Feerick). Scottish Sun. 21 Dec 2019. thescottishsun.co.uk/news/5093; and see twitter.com/HolyroodLiam/statu; and see also "This website lets you see all of Scotland’s spectacularly named gritters in action" (Taylor Heyman). Independent (Eire). 21 Dec 2019. independent.ie/world-news/and-

Thunberg = nom de la plante 

TAXONOMIE = branche de la science concernée par la classification, en particulier des organismes; systématique

Carl Peter Thunberg (1743-1828) était un naturaliste suédois. Il est parfois appelé le "Linné japonais." -- fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carl_Pet

Son nom - Thunberg - est cité dans les noms scientifiques de plus de 200 espèces de plantes et d'animaux au Japon, y compris Houttuynia cordata. -- fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Houttuyn

Il a publié "Flora Japonica" en 1784. -- copie numérisée du texte bibdigital.rjb.csic.es/viewer/

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