"To address questions about the real appearance of St Anthony, we applied body mass estimation equations to the osteometric measurements taken in 1981, during the public recognition of the Saintโ€™s skeletal remains. Both the biomechanical and the morphometric approach were employed to solve some intrinsic limitations in the equations for body mass estimation from skeletal remains. The estimated body mass was used to assess the physique of the Saint with the body mass index."

Mongillo J, Vescovo G, Bramanti B (2021) Belly fat or bloating? New insights into the physical appearance of St Anthony of Padua. PLOS ONE 16(12): e0260505. doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0 @science

"In this study, we developed a soft robotic model of the right heart that accurately mimics RV biomechanics and hemodynamics, including free wall, septal and valve motion."

Singh, M., Bonnemain, J., Ozturk, C. et al. Robotic right ventricle is a biohybrid platform that simulates right ventricular function in (patho)physiological conditions and intervention. Nat Cardiovasc Res (2023). doi.org/10.1038/s44161-023-003 @science @engineering

"The present study has highlighted the gene-culture co-migration with the demographic movements that occurred during the past two millennia in Central and East Asia. Additionally, this work contributes to a better understanding of the distribution of immunogenic erythrocyte polymorphisms with a view to improve transfusion safety."

Petit, F., Minnai, F., Chiaroni, J. et al. The radial expansion of the Diego blood group system polymorphisms in Asia: mark of co-migration with the Mongol conquests. Eur J Hum Genet 27, 125โ€“132 (2019). doi.org/10.1038/s41431-018-024 @science @biology

Mountains. Drawn & Engraved by John Emslie. London. Published by James Reynolds, 174, Strand. (to accompany) Reynolds introduction to natural philosophy. archive.org/details/dr_mountai via @internetarchive

credit: David Rumsey Map Collection, David Rumsey Map Center, Stanford Libraries.

Comparative view of the principal buildings in the world. Drawn & Engraved by John Emslie. London. Published by James Reynolds, 174, Strand. March 30, 1850. (to accompany) Reynolds introduction to natural philosophy. archive.org/details/dr_compara via @internetarchive

credit: David Rumsey Map Collection, David Rumsey Map Center, Stanford Libraries.

Brozio JP, Stos-Gale Z, Mรผller J, Mรผller-ScheeรŸel N, Schultrich S, et al. (2023) The origin of Neolithic copper on the central Northern European plain and in Southern Scandinavia: Connectivities on a European scale. PLOS ONE 18(5): e0283007. doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0 @archaeodons @science

Geographical systems of the ancients. Drawn by Dr. Charles Muller. Engraved by Edwd. Weller. London : John Murray. (to accompany) Dr. William Smith's Ancient atlas. 1. 1874. : Smith, William, 1813-1893 archive.org/details/dr_geograp via @internetarchive @antiquidons

credit: David Rumsey Map Collection, David Rumsey Map Center, Stanford Libraries.

"This book provides the first full history of phrenitis. In doing so, it surveys ancient ideas about the interactions between body and soul, both in health and in disease. It also addresses ancient ideas about bodily health, mental soundness and moral 'goodness', and their heritage in contemporary psychiatric ideas."

Thumiger, C. (2023). Phrenitis and the Pathology of the Mind in Western Medical Thought: (Fifth Century BCE to Twentieth Century CE). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. doi: doi.org/10.1017/9781009241311 @bookstodon (68)

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"We argue that the site of Tainiaro was most likely, although not certainly, a large Stone Age cemetery of the fifth millennium BC. If correct, it would be among the largest such sites to date to this period known in northern Europe."

Hakonen, A., Perรคlรค, N., Vaneeckhout, S., Laurรฉn, T., & Okkonen, J. (2023). A large fifth-millennium BC cemetery in the subarctic north of the Baltic Sea? Antiquity, 97(396), 1402-1419. doi: doi.org/10.15184/aqy.2023.160 @archaeodons

"We analyze the average sonority of basic words of nearly three-quarters of the worldโ€™s languages, and confirm a positive correlation between sonority and local temperature. Our findings suggest that lower temperatures, over the course of many centuries, lead to decreased sonority. Our research provides further evidence that climate plays a role in shaping the evolution of human languages."

Tianheng Wang, Sรธren Wichmann, Quansheng Xia, Qibin Ran, Temperature shapes language sonority: Revalidation from a large dataset, PNAS Nexus, Volume 2, Issue 12, December 2023, pgad384, academic.oup.com/pnasnexus/art @anthropology

"Our results show that forcing by warm ocean water can cause the rapid onset of dynamic imbalance and increased ice discharge from glaciers on the Antarctic Peninsula, highlighting the regionโ€™s sensitivity to future climate variability."

Wallis, B.J., Hogg, A.E., Meredith, M.P. et al. Ocean warming drives rapid dynamic activation of marine-terminating glacier on the west Antarctic Peninsula. Nat Commun 14, 7535 (2023). doi.org/10.1038/s41467-023-429 @science

"Y-chromosome results highlight a significant genetic differentiation between the North-Western and South-Eastern part of the Mediterranean, the Italian Peninsula occupying an intermediate position therein. In particular, Sicily and Southern Italy reveal a shared paternal genetic background with the Balkan Peninsula and the time estimates of main Y-chromosome lineages signal paternal genetic traces of Neolithic and post-Neolithic migration events."

Sarno S, Boattini A, Carta M, Ferri G, Alรน M, et al. (2014) An Ancient Mediterranean Melting Pot: Investigating the Uniparental Genetic Structure and Population History of Sicily and Southern Italy. PLOS ONE 9(4): e96074. doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0 @science @biology @anthropology

"This article presented empirical evidence for a statistically significant relationship between being part of the Roman Empire about 1700 years ago and current regional disparities in terms of quantity and quality of entrepreneurial activity, as well as innovation."

Michael Fritsch, Martin Obschonka, Fabian Wahl & Michael Wyrwich (2023) On the Roman origins of entrepreneurship and innovation in Germany, Regional Studies, DOI: doi.org/10.1080/00343404.2023. @econhist @economics

"Decades after the scientific debate about the anthropogenic causes of climate change was settled, climate disinformation still challenges the scientific evidence in public discourse. Here we present a comprehensive theoretical framework of (anti)science belief formation and updating to account for the psychological factors that influence the acceptance or rejection of scientific messages."

Spampatti, T., Hahnel, U.J.J., Trutnevyte, E. et al. Psychological inoculation strategies to fight climate disinformation across 12 countries. Nat Hum Behav (2023). doi.org/10.1038/s41562-023-017 @science @psychology

"Our findings demonstrate a dampening effect on perceptual, emotional, and evaluative processing of presumed deepfake smiles, but not angry expressions, adding new specificity to the debate on the societal impact of AI-generated content."

Eiserbeck, A., Maier, M., Baum, J. et al. Deepfake smiles matter lessโ€”the psychological and neural impact of presumed AI-generated faces. Sci Rep 13, 16111 (2023). doi.org/10.1038/s41598-023-428 @psychology

"The early alphabet developed in association with Western Asiatic (Canaanite) miners in Sinai (or, at least, was taken up by them) during the Middle Kingdom in the eighteenth century BC. We suggest that early alphabetic writing spread to the Southern Levant during the late Middle Bronze Age (with the Lachish Dagger probably being the earliest attested example), and was in use by at least the mid fifteenth century BC at Tel Lachish."

Hรถflmayer, F., Misgav, H., Webster, L., & Streit, K. (2021). Early alphabetic writing in the ancient Near East: The โ€˜missing linkโ€™ from Tel Lachish. Antiquity, 95(381), 705-719. doi: doi.org/10.15184/aqy.2020.157 @archaeodons @histodon @histodons

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